The terms cement, concrete and mortar are sometimes used interchangeably by DIYers and renovators. However they have very different uses as outlined below:
Cement is a fine binding powder that’s used as an ingredient when making concrete and mortar. It’s a binding powder that’s never used by itself.
Mortar is made up of cement, sand and lime. It’s used for binding together bricks, blocks and stone.
Concrete is made up of cement, sand and aggregate or gravel. It’s very strong and is used to create buildings, structures, columns, slabs etc.
Understanding Cement, Concrete and Mortar
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- The history of cement as binding agent between stone is very long with its use by the ancient Egyptians to help build pyramids.
- Later the Romans increased the strength of cement and also mixed it with other elements to produce quality concrete.
- Cement was first named Portland cement in the 1800s when an English mason likened it to the color of stone from Portland quarries. This is why some people say Portland cement when referring to general purpose cement, however it’s not a brand name.
- Australia produced its first Portland cement in Brighton South Australia in 1882.
- Concrete is used as the foundational building block of buildings because it is so strong.
- Mortar isn’t as strong as concrete so it’s used in more minor reinforcement applications.
- There are various strengths and mixtures of cement, concrete and mortar, so it’s important to get the correct one for your project.
Buy Cement, Concrete and Mortar
Buy cement, concrete, mortar and render online and have it delivered to your site. Available in loose bags and by the pallet load.
You may also be interested in reinforcing mesh and bar.
If you have any questions or aren’t sure what to order for your project, please contact us. We can help with estimations, too.
Here are some common concrete problems to avoid.